Delphi, Greece


The Tholos Temple of Athena Pronaia is about a half mile from the large temple area of Delphi, and appears to have been based on an older site sacred to the Earth Goddess, Gaia (also called Ge), which flourished from ca. 5000-3000 BCE.  Later, the area was claimed by adherents of Athena, a Greek goddess of wisdom and, oddly, also of war.  Athena was said to have sprung from the brow of Zeus fully formed;  some describe this myth as an early attempt by priests to ursurp the power of birth from women and Goddesses.   The temple is circular, and features leaves adorning the capitals of the  tree-like columns;  this evokes the forest groves where the Earth Goddess was worshipped in prehistoric times.